URS Hazret Data Ganj Bakhsh Ali Hajveri R.A
Hazret Data Gunj Baksh Ali Hajveri R.A, was born in 400 A.H. in Ghazni (Afghanistan). He belonged to a Syed family (descendant of the Holy Prophet SWS). He completed his earlier education in Ghazni by memorizing the Holy Quran. Then he studied Arabic, Farsi, Hadith, Fiqh, Philosophy and spiritual sciences. At that time Ghazni was the centre of education in Central Asia, and it was the realm of the famous Afghan ruler Sultan Mahmood Ghaznavi.
After completing the worldy education, he searched for the spiritual education. He travelled to many places for this purpose, and finally became spiritual disciple of Hazrat Abul Fazal Mohammad bin Khatli RA, in Junaidiya Sufi Order, who lived in Syria.
In Syria, Hazret Ali Hajveri RA started his spiritual education under the guidance of Hazret Abul Fazal RA, he slept less, ate less, performed strenuous meditations and seclusions. Then he travelled to many countries & places like Iran, Iraq, Syria, Turkey, Arabia, Azerbaijan etc. There he met many Sufi Saints & Dervishes.
Once he entangled in a spiritual mystery, and wasn’t able to solve it, so then he went to the tomb of Hazret Bayazid Bistami QS, where he meditated for many days, even he finally solved that spiritual mystery. On another occasion he entangled, and also went to the tomb of Hazret Bayazid Bistami QS, but this time he found no clue. So then he left for Khurasan (A Province in Iran), he stayed in a village, where he found a group of Sufi dervishes. Because Hazret Ali Hajveri RA always wore simple & normal dress, so those Sufis said to each other that this person (Ali Hajveri) doesn’t belong their group, (As they all were wearing specific dress of dervishes). Hazret Ali Hajveri RA stayed with them, they ate delicious foods, and gave him a dry bread to eat. They also mocked on Hazret Ali Hajveri RA, threw on him the crusts of fruits. Hazret Ali Hajveri RA addressed God: “O God! if these people wouldn’t be wearing the clothes of your friends (dervishes), then I wouldn’t tolerate their insulting behaviour.”
During the journey of Syria, he visited the tomb of the great Companion of the Holy Prophet, Hazret Bilal RA. There he slept for a while, and found himself in Makka, where he saw the Holy Prophet (SWS) with an old man, he didn’t recognize him & thought who he could be? Then Hazret Ali Hajveri RA fell on the feet of the Holy Prophet (SWS) & kissed them. The Holy Prophet (SWS) knew what Hazret Ali Hajveri RA had in his mind, so he told Ali Hajveri: “This old man is Abu Hanifa RA, your Imam.”
Later his spiritual teacher Hazret Abul Fazal RA ordered him to go to Lahore to preach the spiritual teachings of Islam. He said: “Hazret Shah Hussain Zanjani is already there for this purpose, so then why should I go to there? Hazret Abul Fazal said: “It’s none of your business, just go to Lahore.” So he left Syria & came to Ghazni. From Ghazni he went to Peshawar & then to Lahore, in 1041 A.D (431 A.H). When he reached to Lahore, he saw that people are taking a coffin towards the graveyard for burial. He asked who is he? People replied that it is the dead body of Hazret Shah Hussain Zanjani RA. After hearing that, he understood why his teacher Hazret Abul Fazal sent him to Lahore. After reaching to Lahore, he started to preach Islam & built a mosque there.
At that time Lahore was included in the Ghazni Kingdom, whose ruler was Sultan Mahmood Ghaznavi. And the governor of Lahore was Ra’e Raju, who was a Hindu & had many great mystical abilities. People of Lahore were used to supply milk to Ra’e Raju in big quantity, as a capitation. Once an old woman was on her way to pass before Hazret Data Gunj Baksh Ali Hajveri R.A, holding a water-pot poured with milk. Hazret Data Gunj Baksh Ali Hajveri R.A asked her to give him some milk from that. The woman refused & said that she has to give it to Ra’e Raju. Hazret Data Gunj Baksh Ali Hajveri R.A said: “Give some milk to me, by the grace of God, your cow will produce much more milk than usual”. The woman gave him the pot, Hazret Ali Hajveri drank some milk, and then threw the remaining into the river. The old woman when went to her home, she was surprised to see the breasts of her cow who were full of milk. She poured all of her pots from milk, but still the cow’s breasts were full. Soon this news spread all around the Lahore, and people started to visit Hazret Ali Hajveri RA, and all people brought milk for him, and he also drank some milk from their pots & then threw the remaining into the river, and all of their cows started to produce more milk. So they stopped to supply milk to Ra’e Raju.
Later Ra’e Raju sent one of his disciples to Hazret Data Gunj Baksh Ali Hajveri R.A, as his disciples also had mystical abilities. That disciple didn’t come back, so Ra’e Raju sent another disciple, who also didn’t come back. In that way, he sent all of his disciples, but no one came back at all. Finally he himself went to Hazret Ali Hajveri RA, in anger. Ra’e Raju challenged Hazret Ali Hajveri RA to show him any miracle. Hazrat Ali Hajveri replied: “I’m not a juggler.” But Ra’e Raju tried to impress him with his miracles, and started flying in the air, Hazret Ali Hajveri ordered his shoes to bring him down. So the shoes of Hazret Ali Hajveri RA went to the flying Ra’e Raju & started to strike on his head & brought him down. Ra’e Raju was inspired & embraced Islam on his hands. After accepting Islam he changed his name as Sheikh Ahmed Hindi.
When Hazret Ali Hajveri RA built a mosque in Lahore, that mosque’s front was towards south, and differed from all other mosques of Lahore. So there became a doubt that this mosque’s front isn’t towards Kaaba. The Scholars of Lahore objected over that mosque, but Hazret Ali Hajveri RA didn’t reply them. When the mosque was built completely, he invited all scholars of Lahore & said to them: “You objected over this mosque’s Kaeba direction, now look by yourself in which direction Kaaba actually is!” When they looked at the front, they saw Kaaba, as they are sitting before Kaaba in Makka. All scholars felt ashamed after watching that, and apologised.
Hazret Data Gunj Baksh Ali Hajveri R.A also built a room adjacent to that mosque, and used that room as Khanaqa (Spiritual School). Many unbelievers acceptedIslam on his hands, many people touched the higher stages of spirituality under his guidance. He married twice, but both of his wives died soon after marriage. He had a son, named “Hasan”.
He lived in Lahore for 21 years, and then went to Syria to meet his spiritual teacher Hazret Abul Fazal. And after the death of Hazrat Abul Fazal in 453 A.H, he again came to Lahore.
Hazrat Data Gunj Baksh Ali Hajveri R.A wrote many books, some of his books are:
Al-Bayan Lahal- Al-Ayan;
Israrul Kharq Wal-Mauniyat;
Behrul Quloob; Kitab Fana Wa Baqa;
Birri’ayat Be-Huqooq-Ullah; Kashful Israr;
Sharah-e-Kalam; and Kashful Mahjub.
He passed away at the age of 65 in 465 A.H., in Lahore.
When Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti RA came to Lahore in 561 A.H (1165 AD), he stayed at the tomb of Hazret Ali Hajveri for two weeks, where he meditated. And when he finished his meditation, he expressed a couplet in Farsi:
” Ganj Bukhsh Faiz-e-Alam; Mazhar-e-Noor-e-Khuda
Naqisa-ra Pir-e-Kamil; Kamila-ra Rahnuma. ”
Ganj Buskh (Bestower of Spiritual Treasures) is a grace to the orld; a manifester of God’s light.
A perfect spiritual teacher for the beginners; a guide for perfected.
Bir hurmati Habib bir hurmati Habib Anzalta Surat al-Fatiha.