Prayers on the Day of Ashura
Hazrat Ibn Abbas (Radiyallahu ‘anh) relates that when the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam) said: “If I survive till next year, I will definitely observe fast on the 9th of Muharram (as well).” [Sahih Muslim]
(Note: What the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam) meant was that he would also fast on the 9th as well as the 10th to which he was accustomed. We also should try fasting on the 9th and the 10th of Muharram.)
From: The Naqshbandi Way,
Spiritual & Devotions Guide Book as practiced by Maulana Shaykh Nazim. Published by Sri Lankan mureeds.
On the Day of Ashura (10th of Muharram), do the following:
In each raka’at, read Surah Al-Fatihah once, and Surah Al-Ikhlas, eleven times.
La ila ha illallah 1000 times
Salawat 1000 times
Surah Al-Ikhlas 1000 times
Allahumma thabbitna ‘alal Haqq
Ya Ghaliban ghaira maghloob
Ya Nasiral Mu’mineen
Ya Ghiyathal Musta ghi theen
Ya Qariban ghaira ba’id
Ya Shahidan ghaira ba’id.
Hasbi Allahu wa ni’mal wakeel, ni’mal mawla wa ni’man naseer (70 times)
La haula wa la quwwata illa billahil ‘aliyyil ‘azdheem
Ghufranaka rabbana wa ilaykal maseer
Rabbana taqabbal minna, bi hurmatil habeeb, Fatiha.
Sufficient Provision for Seekers of the Path of Truth
(Al-Ghunya li-Talibi Tariq al-Haqq)
by Shaikh ‘Abdul Al-Qadir Al-Jilani
In another Hadees, this is the prayer on that Day:
Surah Al-Fatihah one time
Surah Al-Zalzala (Surah 99) one time
Surah Al-Kafiroon one time
Surah Al-Ikhlas one time
After concluding the prayer, recite Salawat (Darood shareef) on Rasulullah (saw) (70) seventy times.
Hazrat Ibn Abbas (Radiyallahu ‘anh) reports that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam) arrived in Madinah and found the Jews observing fast on the day of ‘Ashura… They said: “It is the day of great (significance) when Allah delivered Hazrat Musa (‘Alaihis-Salaam) and his people and drowned Pharoah and his people, and Sayyidina Musa (‘Alaihis-Salaam) observed fast out of gratitude. And we also observe it.” The Holy Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam) responded: “We have more right, and we have closer connection with Sayyidina Musa (‘Alaihis-Salaam) than you have”; so Allah’s Messenger (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam) observed fast (on the day of ‘Ashura) and gave us orders to observe it. [Sahih Bukhari and Muslim]
Ashura is a day of great historical significance. On this day: Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) accepted the repentance of Sayyidina Adam (‘Alaihis-Salaam) after his exile from Paradise;
Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) saved Sayyidina Nuh (‘Alaihis-Salaam) and his companions in the ark; Allah extinguished the fire in which Sayyidina Ibrahim (‘Alaihis-Salaam) was thrown by Nimrod;
And Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) spoke directly to Sayyidina Musa (‘Alaihis-Salaam) and gave him the Commandments. On this same 10th of Muharram, Sayyidina Ayyub (‘Alaihis-Salaam) was restored to health (from leprosy);
Sayyidina Yusuf (‘Alaihis-Salaam) was reunited with his father Ya’qub (‘Alaihis-Salaam); Sayyidina Yunus (‘Alaihis-Salaam) was taken out from the belly of the fish;
and the sea was divided as the nation of israel was delivered from captivity and Pharoah’s army was destroyed.
‘Ashura is also the day when Sayyidina Dawud (‘Alaihis-Salaam) was forgiven; the kingdom of Sulaiman (‘Alaihis-Salaam) was restored;
Sayyidina Isa (‘Alaihis-Salaam) was raised to Jannah and Sayyidina al-Husayn (Radiyallahu ‘anh) (the Holy Prophet’s, Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam, grandson) achieved the honour of Martyrdom.1
Worship Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) as much as you can on ‘Ashura. Whoever fasts on this day is like one who fasts all his life. Whoever clothes a naked person Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) will release him from a painful punishment. He who visits a sick person, Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) will grant him a reward that will not be decreased. Whoever places his hand on an orphan’s head, or feeds a hungry person or gives water to a thirsty man, Allah will feed him a feast from Paradise and will quench his thirst with Salsabil (a wine that does not intoxicate). And who ever takes a Ghusl on this day will enjoy excellent health and freedom from sickness and indolence. Whoever provides generously for his family on this day, Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) will be generous to him throughout this year. And whoever applies Kuhl to his eyes will never suffer from eye-sore again, inSha’Allah al-Aziz.
1. These are mentioned as what scholars have determined as the specialties of that day in Ghunya li-Talibi Tariq al-Haqq, Sayyidina Abdul Qadir al-Jilani.
2. These specialties are mentioned in Ghunya li-Talibi Tariq al-Haqq, Sayyidina Abdul Qadir al-Jilani.